Source: John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Negative No. 34370
Source: John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Negative Number: 194488
Source: John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland Negative No. 35111
Arthur Edward Halloran
Arthur Edward HalloranAncestor’s last name
EdwardArrival in Queensland
August 1853Date of Birth
14 August 1816Place of Birth
Suffolk, EnglandDate of Death
24 May 1890Burial
East Caulfield, MelbourneSpouse
1. Mary Charlotte WilsonPlace Married
Eliza (b.22 December 1837 d.17 December 1900); Susan (b.28 July 1839 d.25 October 1866); Reginald (b.4 May 1841 d.1907); Herbert (b.2 October 1843 d.4 May 1865); Arthur (b.27 October 1845 d.4 August 1927); Henry (b.13 October 1847 d.13 January 1917); Alfred (b.22 October 1849 d.14 February 1908); Mary (b.28 September 1851 d.1938); Lydia (b.26 October 1853 d.25 April 1860); Edith (b.4 February 1856 d.26 May 1942); Elizabeth (b.17 August 1858 d.1930); Leila (b.6 August 1863 d.16 July 1928)Spouse
2. Kate Thornton MoodyPlace Married
Commissioner of Crown Lands
Clerk of Petty Sessions
Electoral Returning Officer
Inspector of Prisons
Sheriff of Queensland
Author Dr Margaret Shield
Arthur Edward Halloran was born in Thornton, Suffolk on 14 August 1816, the son of a clergyman, Reverend Laurance Halloran and his wife Lydia. The family emigrated to New South Wales, arriving in Sydney in October 1828. Arthur completed his education in Sydney before taking up his first posting as a clerk in the New South Wales Survey Department in1834. This was the beginning of a career in the Public Service which spanned more than fifty years. In 1836 Halloran was promoted to the position of Clerk of Petty Sessions in Port Macquarie and Wingham, a position he held until August 1853 when he received his appointment as Commissioner of Crown Lands for the pastoral district of Wide Bay.
In 1842 Moreton Bay was opened to free settlement. The rapid influx of colonists that followed resulted in an unprecedented demand for land. In order to regulate the sale and lease of Crown Lands, to provide government services and to ensure the safety of settlers, the New South Wales Government appointed Crown Lands Commissioners who also acted as Police Magistrates. When Arthur Halloran took up his position as Commissioner of Crown Lands, he was the second such Commissioner appointed to Wide Bay following the untimely death of John Carne Bidwill in March 1853. Halloran and his family took up residence in Bidwill’s house at Tinana, a short distance west of the township of Maryborough.
Halloran’s duties were wide ranging. Apart from administering the sale and lease of Crown Lands, he was also responsible for maintaining law and order, undertaking surveys of the local area, regulating the movement of convicts assigned to the district, issuing business licences and compiling reports for the Governor. Halloran’s letters to the Chief Commissioner of Crown Lands, George Barney, reveal the difficulties he encountered in fulfilling his role including the lack of financial and material resources, disputes among pastoralists, outbreaks of violence between settlers and the Indigenous peoples, the vagaries of the postal service and poor road conditions. After only twelve months as Commissioner for Wide Bay, Halloran’s duties were extended when the pastoral district boundaries were altered. The Burnett pastoral district was abolished with one section of the old district assigned to Port Curtis and the remainder transferred to Wide Bay. Halloran then assumed responsibility for the newly created pastoral district of Wide Bay and Burnett. As Police Magistrate he was then required to attend the Magistrates Court in Maryborough, Gayndah and Nanango to rule on criminal and civil matters. Much of Halloran’s time was taken in travelling the length and breadth of his vast district. The 56 kilometre trip from Maryborough to Gayndah in good weather took five hours on horseback along a very poor road. Halloran also had to monitor pastoral runs throughout the district and visit outlying settlements.
Although Halloran proved to be a diligent and capable administrator, his conduct, particularly in relation to his land dealings, caused controversy within the Maryborough district. Although his principal place of residence was in Tinana, he purchased land for himself and his family in the township of Maryborough including four lots in Lower Ann Street with frontages on the Mary River, one allotment in Walker Street and two allotments in Bazaar Street. Halloran was later called to appear before the Supreme Court in Brisbane charged with approving the sale of two allotments of land to his son, Reginald, when legal title to the land was in dispute. The editor of the Maryborough Chronicle, Charles Buzacott, called for an enquiry into Halloran’s conduct over this and other matters, leading to the establishment of a government Commission led by Charles Blakeney and John Jardine. The Commissioners investigated seven charges brought against Halloran by various members of the Maryborough community, two of which involved his handling of land sales. Other charges included the improper seizure of horses, irregular conduct as a Police Magistrate when appointing Commissioners of the Peace and retaining his position as Electoral Returning Officer while at the same time canvassing support for his son-in-law who was standing as a candidate for the district.
After lengthy consideration of the evidence, the Commissioners found the charges against Halloran could not be substantiated. They did however conclude that, while Halloran’s behaviour was not improper, his conduct was “most unguarded and injudicious”.  Commissioners Blakeney and Jardine considered that Halloran had lost the trust of the Maryborough community and recommended that he be removed from his position as Crown Lands Commissioner for Wide Bay and Burnett.
Consequently, in January 1860, Halloran was transferred to Warwick where he was appointed Police Magistrate and later, Gold Commissioner. While in Warwick, he purchased 10 acres of land and built a substantial residence which was destroyed by fire shortly after its construction. Halloran remained in Warwick until 1864. On his departure, members of the Warwick and Leyburn communities signed a letter addressed to Halloran expressing their high regard for him as an administrator and Magistrate stating that they believed Halloran to be “an honourable gentleman, and an upright and impartial Magistrate” who was, at all times “actuated by a desire to dispense even handed justice to all classes, irrespective of wealth or station”. 
With his reputation restored, Halloran was promoted to the office of Sheriff of Queensland, a position he held until 1888. He also served as Returning Officer for the electorate of North Brisbane and as Inspector of Prisons. Following his retirement from the Public Service, Halloran and his wife Kate, holidayed briefly in Tasmania before settling in Melbourne where Halloran died, aged 73 years, in May 1890.
 Courier, Brisbane, 21 May 1861, p.4.
 Courier, Brisbane, 31 March, 1864, p.2.
Letterbook of letters sent by the Commissioner of Crown Lands, Wide Bay and Burnett, 24/09/1853 to 30/12/1854
Queensland State Archives, Series 11965, Item 7205.
Letterbook of letters sent by the Commissioner of Crown Lands, Wide Bay and Burnett, 01/01/1855 to 13/12/1857
Queensland State Archives, Series 11965, Item 7206.
Letterbook of letters sent by the Commissioner of Crown Lands, Wide Bay and Burnett, 01/01/1858 to 08/03/1866
Queensland State Archives, Series 11965, Item 7207.
Letters of instruction giving John Jardine and Charles William Blakeney authority to make a diligent full and minute inquiry into the conduct of Arthur Edward Halloran
Queensland State Archives, Series 20974 Registers of Letters Patent, Item 2925999.
State Library of Queensland, Family History indexes, Available at: http://fhr.slq.qld.gov.au/committees/.
Death registration number: 8107/1890
Land Sales in Maryborough
Johnson, E. (compiler), 1991. Maryborough Heritage Register Vol. 5, Maryborough District Family History Society Inc., Maryborough.
The History of Maryborough and Wide Bay and Burnett Districts from the year 1850 to 1895
Loyau, G., 1897. Pole, Outridge and Co., Brisbane.
Pugh, T., 1887. Gordon and Gotch, Brisbane. Available at: https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:211274.
Tuesday 21 May 1861, p. 4
Tuesday 9 December 1862, p. 2
Monday 9 July 1877, p. 3.
Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser
Wednesday 16 January 1861, p. 3
Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser
Wednesday 28 November 1860, p. 2
Thursday 31 March 1864, p. 2