Robert Dixon (1800 – 1858), surveyor and explorer, arrived at Moreton Bay in 1839. He married Margaret Sibly on 24 July 1839 and their first child, John Sibly Moreton Dixon was born 16 May 1840. In 1840 Dixon was promoted to surveyor in charge of the Moreton Bay District and that same year he surveyed and created the first map of Brisbane Town. In 1842 Dixon was suspended after a dispute with the commandment of the penal establishment, Lieutenant Gorman, so he moved to Toongabbie on the outskirts of Sydney, NSW. He died in Sydney in 1858 at the age of 58.

In 1821 Robert Dixon arrived in Van Diemen’s Land with his brother George. In 1826 Dixon sold his land holdings to his brother and moved to Sydney, where he was appointed assistant surveyor in the Surveyor-General’s Department. He explored new territory and conducted many surveys in the southern regions of New South Wales.

In 1839 Robert Dixon was engaged to survey the Moreton Bay district. He set sail from Sydney on 29 April 1839 with two assistants, Granville Stapylton and James Warner and 21convicts. Valuable equipment, horses, supplies, stores and a small boat were to be shipped to Brisbane Town at the same time, but much of it failed to arrive. Dixon’s party was still waiting for them to arrive 7 months later.

On 24 July 1839, the Reverend J.C. S. Handt married Robert Dixon and Margaret Sibley at Brisbane Town. Both were free settlers.

Dixon’s first undertaking was to send an extensive report to Governor Sir George Gipps on the German Mission Station at Zion Hill (now Nundah). From a base camp at Eagle Farm the party began work on a plan for Brisbane Town. Dixon proceeded to conduct a trigonometrical survey to produce a map of the settlement.

Stapylton and his convict assistants were camped in the bush near Mt Lindsay on 31 May 1840 when they were attacked by Aborigines. Staplylton and the convict William Tuck were murdered. Tuck was buried on site and the body of Stapylton was brought back to the settlement for burial.

Dixon was promoted to the rank of surveyor in 1840, but was relieved of this position in 1842 due to claims of insubordination by Gipps. Shortly afterwards, Dixon moved to Toongabbie on the outskirts of Sydney where he carried on farming up to his return to England in 1846. In England he worked as an inspector on the railway until he moved back to Australia in 1852. Dixon then managed the Grand Monarch Gold Mining Company in the Nundle district of New South Wales but the venture failed.

Dixon’s health began to fail and he died on 8 April 1858 at his home in Cumberland Street Sydney.


Lee Butterworth, ‘Robert Dixon (1800-1858)’, Harry Gentle Resource Centre, Griffith University, 2017 (updated 2023),

Archival Resources

State Library of NSW, Robert Dixon - photocopies of his field notes re his explorations between Richmond River in northern New South Wales and Brisbane in Queensland, 1840, Call No: MLMSS 6256

State Library of NSW, Robert Dixon family papers, 1839-1929, Call No: MLMSS 3560

SLQ, Robert Dixon Letter 11 Jul 1840, Owen Gorman to Robert Dixon, concerns the murder of surveyors Stapylton and Tuck Record Number: 21138130650002061

JOL, SLQ OM90-66, Robert Dixon Letter

JOL, SLQ, Record number: 21124883160002061, Brisbane town by Robert Dixon

JOL, SLQ, OM78-74, Robert Dixon Survey Field Notebooks

Queensland Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages

Marriage registration of Robert Dixon and Margaret Sibly, Record ID 1854/BMA/1

New South Wales Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages

Death registration of Robert Dixon, Reg. No. 477/1858


Fisher, R. and Harrison, J., ‘Pioneering surveyors of Moreton Bay District’ in Squatters, Settlers and Surveyors

Brisbane History Group, Papers No. 16, pp. 112-119.


The last days of Moreton Bay: Power, sexuality and the misrule of law. Evans, Ray & Thorpe, William Journal of Australian Studies, Vol. 21:53 1997 59-77.


Robert Dixon : An Early Surveyor, Sydney Mail, 20 November 1929.

Online Resources

Robert Dixon

Photograph of map of Brisbane Town, 24 Mar 1840

Dixon, Robert (1800–1858)

Surveyor Robert Dixon

Surveyor Robert Dixon 1839 Normanby Plains Trigonometrical Baseline Cairn, Harrisville, Queensland