Peopling Early Queensland: the Archive of Brisbane’s Zion Hill Missionaries, 1838-1848
Dr Annemarie McLaren, Harry Gentle Visiting Fellow 2018



J. D. Lang Papers, Item 20: 1837-1867; German mission, Moreton Bay, Mitchell Library, NSW.

Aunty Margaret, Queensland Museum,


“Diary of Messrs. Nigue and Hartenstein, of the German Mission to the Aborigines, at Moreton Bay, during a journey to Toorbal, a district of country to the Northward”, Colonial Observer, Thursday 28 October 1841, p. 27.

“Colonial Statistics. The Aborigines. Extract from the Diary of the German Mission at Moreton Bay from the end of July to the 17th of September 1841,” Colonial Observer, Thursday 18 November 1841, p. 51.

“Colonial Statistics. Observations made on a journey to the natives at Toorbal, Aug. 2, 1841”, Colonial Observer, 14 October 1841, p. 10.


Regina Ganter, German Missionaries in Australia – a web-directory of intercultural encounters, 2016,

Roger Ford, God’s harvest: a social and agricultural history of the German mission to the aboriginal people of Moreton Bay, Master of Arts thesis, University of the Sunshine Coast, 2007, .


Annemarie McLaren and Shino Konishi, “Searching for Aboriginal Woman in Early Colonial New South Wales” in Samraghni Bonnerjee and Ethel Maqeda (eds), Strident Voices, Dissenting Bodies: Subaltern Women’s Narratives, Routledge, Roultedge (forthcoming).

Ysola Best, “Aboriginal and early settler relations on the Logan and Albert Rivers: an Aboriginal view”, Royal Historical Society of Queensland Journal, vol XV(1), Feb 1995, p. 460.

Ian D. Clark, Luise Hercus and Laura Kostanski, “Introduction: Indigenous and Minority Placenames – Australian and International Perspectives,” in Indigenous and minority placenames: Australian and international perspectives, Canberra: ANU Press, 2014.

Luise Hercus, Flavia Hodges, Jane Simpsons (eds), The Land is a Map: Placenames of Indigenous Origin in Australia, Canberra: Pandanus Books, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU, 2002.

James Demarr, Adventures in Australia fifty years ago: being a record of an emigrant wanderings through the colonies of New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland during the Years 1839-1844, London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1893, p. 256.

J. G. Steele, Aboriginal Pathways in Southeast Queensland and the Richmond River, St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1984.

Jason Gibson, Shaun Angeles, Joel Liddle, “Deciphering Arrernte archives: The intermingling of textual and living knowledge” in Archival returns in Central Australia and beyond, edited by Linda Barwick, Jennifer Green, and Petronella Vaarzon-Morel, 29–45. LD&C Special Publication 18. Honolulu & Sydney: University of Hawai’i Press & Sydney University Press, 2019.

Libby Connors, Warrior: a legendary leader’s dramatic life and violent death on the colonial frontier, Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2015, p. 32.

Neil Gunson, “A missionary expedition from Zion Hill (Nundah) to Toorbul, Moreton Bay District, in 1842–43: The journal of the Reverend K. W. E. Schmidt”, Aboriginal History, vol 2, 1978, pp. 114–21.

William Coote, History of the colony of Queensland from 1770 to the close of the year 1881, vol 1, Brisbane, William Thorne: 1882, p. 17.